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Minki Kim (University of California, San Diego)

February 9, 2023 @ 1:30 pm - 3:00 pm

You can find the paper here.

Title: How Will a New Malaria Vaccine Shape Africa’s Economic Future? A Macroeconomic Analysis

Abstract: Malaria is the primary cause of death among children and a barrier to childhood human capital accumulation in sub-Saharan Africa. The macroeconomics literature thus far
concludes that eradicating malaria would mainly increase populations but not substantially raise living standards. This paper reassesses this conclusion by modeling and quantifying the long-run macroeconomic effects of a successful malaria vaccine. To do so, I build a general equilibrium, overlapping generations model of childhood human capital accumulation and endogenous fertility with malaria modeled as a health shock to children. To parameterize the model, I estimate the short-run effects of reduced malaria risk on women’s fertility and children’s human capital using difference-in-differences with a recent large-scale anti-malaria campaign in Tanzania. I use these estimates to calibrate the model’s parameters and simulate the long-run general equilibrium impacts of malaria vaccines. The model suggests that a universal vaccination would increase per-capita GDP by 30% within 60 years, which is nearly ten times larger than previously estimated. The larger gains stem from higher human capital investments beyond simple increases in years of schooling, amplified over multiple generations.


February 9, 2023
1:30 pm - 3:00 pm
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Hemmerdinger Screening Room, Hunter College Library Room East 706
115 E 68th Street
New York, NY 10065 United States
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